Sultan Muhammad, PLATE 3, folio 20 verse. The Court of Gayumarth/detail, Countries, landscape, and animals.
Found in: Stuart Cary Welch, Royal Persian Manuscripts, (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1976), 38.
A stylized artwork is one of the representational artworks which follow traditions. Most of the time different artist and different empires follow certain set of the traditional rules to make artwork. I have selected artwork from Persian Empire which is an example of stylized because we can notice certain redundancy in artwork which is very unique to Persian Empire. For example, circular faces and most of the time we can see full face, all have similar eyes, noses, and mouths even if they have different complexion. Movement in their bodies is not natural. Furthermore, very vivid colors are used in this artwork which is also unique to Persian paintings. In this artwork not only human beings are represented in stylized way but also plants and animals. Very colorful plants with beautiful landscape which is more like a spectrum. Moreover, if we see more paintings from Persian Empire we can see similar characters where artist focus on the traditional way of representing things therefore this artwork is an example of stylized artwork.
Richard La Barre Goodwin, Cabin-Door Still Life after , 1886.
Found in: William Kloss, Treasures from the National Museum of American Art, (Washington and London: National Museum of American Art Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985), 39.
A Trompe-I’oeil artwork is type of representational artwork. Trompe-I’oeil artwork can easily deceive human eye on first glance because it is very much similar to real world. In most cases artist create such illusions in artwork that individual can’t easily decipher between real object and fake one. In addition to this, sometimes artist make such artwork which has nearly all the minor details of real objects, therefore on first glance it is difficult to recognize that either it is real or a fake. The artwork: Cabin-Door Still Life after can be an example of trompe-I’oeil because when for a first time we look at the door it seems three dimensional. The bag, ducks and gun seems to be hanging on the door and even we can see the shadows of objects and the ropes hanged on the door. The handle of door seems very real because of its faded color and moreover the minor details on envelope are very much similar to the real one which can fool anyone on the first glance. In addition to this, all birds are much similar to real ones. The objects hanged on the door are like high relief and even we can see a feather is falling from a bird. So due to its three dimensional like representation and other minor details I think that it is trompe-I’oeil artwork.
Helen Frankenthaler, Small’s Paradise, 1964.
Found in: William Kloss, Treasures from the National Museum of American Art, (Washington and London: National Museum of American Art Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985), 75.
A non representational artwork is also known as real abstract artwork. In such type of artwork one can’t easily recognize the intention of artist. Most of the time artist represents such things which usually don’t have any tangible representation, such as, wind, music, etc. Though non representational artwork seems nonsense and waste of time but it has its own beauty and there is a special meaning related to it. The artwork which I have selected may be non representational artwork because if I will compare the title and artwork I really can’t figure out any relation between both. As its title is Small’s Paradise whereas if I will look at the artwork there is nothing like small paradise, rather I can see five different colors separate on the white sheet one after other. I am wondering that why on the earth such artwork is called small paradise. Defiantly, it can be non representational artwork. When I give a little more concentration on this artwork I notice that the blue line is similar to a garden snail. Further, the orange color in the center on this painting is somehow similar to a cartoon character and there are a pink and a green squares. Most likely these weird shapes in this painting have some meaning related to it but I can’t understand it, therefore, I think it is non representational artwork.
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase No.2, 1912.
Found in: H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson, History of Art, 6th ed. (New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2004), 820.
An abstract artwork is also type of representational artwork. In such kind of artwork artist represent things from real world but representation is very subtle. One can’t easily recognize the really objects present in artwork. In abstract artwork things are real but their representation is quite ambiguous. The artwork: Nude Descending a Staircase No.2 is abstract artwork because when we look at this artwork we can just see different values of yellow color with some black lines on it but when we concentrate on this artwork we can notice that a continuous flowing structure of a human being. We can notice a head like structure and then body curves and something like legs. So overall we can say that it is a human being’s representation. It is an abstract artwork because it represents something which is there in nature but its representation in this painting is not clear.