The Postclassical Period

Date (19 February 2013)

Postclassical period starts from 5th century and it last till 15th century. During this time period the map of world changes rapidly not only due to political reasons, but religions also play vital role in this purpose. Furthermore this era is important for many other reasons like the expansion and evolves of major world’s religions, the expansion of civilizations, development in commerce and trade, and in women’s status. Due to these all important events and changes, postclassical period is essential part of world’s history.

Firstly, postclassical period is important in history because of its religious changes and especially due to the rise of Islam; which is one of major religions of world. Buddhist and Christianity were already present in that era, but the missionaries of all these religions participate actively for expansion of their religions in postclassical period. Due to the services of missionaries for their religions most of the regions of world come in connect to each other. Like “Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam_ across political and culture borders and the development of new, more regular systems of trades that connected much of Asia, Africa, and Europe” (Bellah). From here we know that religion contribute larger afford to enhance the relationships among different regions of world.

Secondly, this era is important for the expansion of civilizations and for development of trade and commerce. In this period we can observe many civilizations to mingle with each other. In this period there were seven important regions: “the Middle East and North Africa, India, China and East Asia, eastern and western Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia and the Americas”(Bellah). In postclassical period most of these regions came to connect we each other. In addition to this trade and commerce also developed in this period. “During the postclassical period systematic international trade developed that went for beyond the carrying capacity of the old silk road” (Boettke, Storr).  This development provides many opportunities like traveling, migration, and help in exchange of knowledge among different schools of thought.

Thirdly, the status of women changes rapidly in this period of history. As postclassical period contribute a lot to fortify women’s position in society like, “Buddhist leaders in Japan argued for women’s importance. Islam established new rights for women, including property ownership. Buddhism and Christianity both established religious communities for women giving them…new leadership roles” (Stearns, Ads, Schwartz, and Gilbert, 242). Due to expansion of religions women get their rights, but on the other hand many changes in cultural norms were unfavorable for women. “Foot binding_ the clearest attempt to make women more purely ornamental _ spread in China. In India the practice of Sati, in which some widows threw themselves on their husband’s funeral [fire]…As Islamic society development in Middle East women were increasingly secluded, and excluded from active roles in public life”(242). These are some examples which deteriorate women’s status during postclassical period. So, postclassical period is important for the both fortifying and deteriorating of women’s status in history.

Finally, in postclassical period the world goes through many essential changes, and some of these are still influential on our lives. Like the interactions among civilizations, trade, religion and women’s status. Overall the changes and developments occur during this era is very important and this time period is essential part of our history.

Works Cited

 

Bellah, Robert N. Beyond Belief: Essay on Religion in a Post_Traditional World. London:

University of California, 1991. Books.google.com. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.

<http://books.google.com.bd/books?hl=en&lr=&id=uqEngj-

zjs0C&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=religion+and+civilization+in+post+classical+period&ots=j

6TneSnajM&sig=9R9aWB4PD0oo_ODNvHZZZuBQrqI&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f

=false>.

Boettke, Peter J., and Virgil Henry Storr. “Post-Classical Political Economy.” The American

Journal of Economics and Sociology 61.1 (2002): n. pag. JSTOR. Web. 17 Feb. 2013.

<:http://www.jstor.org/stable/3487743&gt;.

Stearns, Peter, Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, and Marc Jason Gilbert. World Civilizations:                                               

The Global Experience. 6th ed. N.p.: Charlyce Jones Owen, 2011. Print.

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