6 November 2013
In the given Art work we can see two big in framed statues sitting on bull and they are holding each other. One statue is male and the other is female. They are surrounded by many small statues of various sizes, shapes and sexes. The smaller statues reinforce the boundary of the frame. According to my understanding the main part of this Art work is the loving statues which are at the center of Art work and they are concentrating only at each other. I think that the main purpose of this Art work is to show the humanly love in divine powers or in god and goddesses. Because in our Art History class we learn the religious art of Hinduism and from that knowledge we can say that this status is the representation of the god Shiva and the goddess Parvati. He is god Shiva because he is sitting on the bull or Nandi which is vehicle of god Shiva and the female statue is Parvati because artist has represented them as a couple. From our Art History class we know that goddess Parvati is wife of god Shiva (Lecture). This whole Art work is representation of romantic love, devotion, mutual understanding and care of couple for each other. It is romantic love because the female statue is sitting on the thigh of male statues and they are looking at each other very closely and deeply. They are concentrating on each other despite of having very rich surrounding. This Art work also shows care of a couple for each other because the both male and female statues are holding each other. Further, as we identify this statues as a religious statues on the bases of our knowledge from the Art History class so we can say that this Art work is representation of both worldly love and spiritual love. Worldly love because they are couple and spiritual love because they are god and goddess it means that there is message of love for their followers and this religion believes on love and devotion. Moreover, we can say that love is part of religious teaching in Hinduism because these statutes are there as a guidance for the followers.
Further, if we study the Art work in more detail we can see that some small statues and a bull is standing on a stage and the male statue is sitting on the bull and the female statue is sitting on the lap of the male statue. The regular pattern of steps like design is made on the both sides of the stage. In addition to this, two posts are present on each side of stage which are making boundaries of the frame and some small statues are also present there which are standing in a straight line and reinforcing boundaries of the frame. The lintel has craved shape and it has repeating patterns on it. There are seven sections on the lintel and the size of each section increases when we move from outside to inside. Each section is little bit bulge out and the middle section is bigger and more prominent than all the three section at each side. All statues on lintel are having similar shape but different in size. All statues including the big ones at the center are wearing jewelries. Almost all the statues are wearing similar jewelries or we can say that in this Art work jewelries are gender neutral.
Moreover, if we closely study the two main statues in the center of this Art work we can see that the male statue is larger than female statue. The body of male statue is straight, masculine and little bit stylized but it is more natural. The male statue is stylized because he is much larger than all other statues. The male is wearing jewelries and a big crown on his head. His crown is very intricate and there are many details present own his crown. The female statue is smaller than male statue but she is larger than other statues present in this Art work. Female statue is also wearing jewelries and crown but the crown of female statue is smaller than male statue and it has different designs. Female statue is also wearing ear rings. She is holding a round shape object in her left hand and male statue is holding lotus flower in his right hand. We can see very obvious movement in female statue’s body which is more stylized than natural because the twist in upper side of her body is very Sharpe which is nearly impossible in human body. The direction of female body is actually away from male’s body but she is twist back towards the male statue. Her waist is very thin and she has very feminine body. The facial structure of both male and female statues is silently rectangular and their eyes are almond shape. The female statue is putting her right hand around the male statue’s neck and she is looking at the male statue. Male statue has put his left hand around female statue’s waist and he is touching her breast while looking into her eyes. This whole portrait is seems very romantic because they both are completely into each other. Further, their bodies are more organic. They are hardly wearing any cloths and they are nude. The breasts of female statue are very prominent part of her body and bell buttons of both statues are also visible and prominent. Their bodies are gender because at the first glance we can easily identify the male and female statues. The central statues are not directly attached to the ground rather bull is standing on the stage and they are sitting on it.
Moreover, if we see closely the statues present on the boundaries of this Art work we can see that under the right leg of male statue a small elephant like statue is present and under the left side of female statue a small male statue is present. From our Art History class we know that god Shiva and goddess Parvati have two sons: Ganesha and karttikeya and we also know that Ganesha is having elephant head (Lecture). So this whole art work is representation of the whole family of god Shiva. The elephant like statue and the other small male statue are also wearing jewelries and they are holding some weapons like structures. One thing is very unique about the statues which are present at the margins. As most of the time male statues are larger than female statues but here female statues are larger than male statues. Moreover, on the lintel above the two main central statues are all female. They all have prominent and large breasts and bell buttons.
Furthermore, this art work is three dimensional and freely standing in the space. This is massive structure having various kinds of statues. Such as some statues are smaller than other and some shows movement and others are having less or no movement in their bodies. This whole Art work is made from stone. As this Art work is huge and very complex so the artist needs lots of energy to make this art work. The artist has put lots of energy, time and efforts to make this art work because there are so many intricate details present in this Art work. Further, almost every statue has its own specialty and requirements. Overall this structure is seems very alive because of the movement present in the bodies of statues. This movement gives life to the whole Art work. Even on the small statues we can see complicated designs which show jewelries, weapons and other tools. Further, the length of this art work is roughly twice the width and it is a figurative structure. Most of the parts of this Art work are natural but some are stylized. The background of two main statues is more geometric and pattern on the background is much similar to heart shape. As the main statues love each other, background also shows heart shape to fortify the idea of love and devotion.
Finally, we can say the main purpose of the artist is to reveal the fact that in Hinduism love and affection is part of religion because gods and goddesses are consider as the teachers who guide their followers and followers are support to do those things which are appreciated by gods and goddesses. As these statues are very inspiring example of love because god Shiva and goddess Parvati are in deep love with each other. So we can say that this Art work focuses on one of the main perspectives of Hindu religion: love and devotion.
Heeramaneck, Alice. The Arts of India and Nepal. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1966.