The mind-body relationship is a very controversial topic in psychology and in philosophy too. Many of the intellectuals believe that mind and body are interconnected and they dependent on one another to perform the function and on the same time others believe that mind and body are two very different elements which are free of one another. In this debate of mind and body relationship many theories have been suggested by intellectuals. Such as, Dualism says that “the mind and body both exist as separate entities.” and Materialism claims that “mental processes can be identified with purely physical processes in the central nervous system, and that human beings are just complicated physiological organisms, no more than that.” (McLeod) There are many other view points about mind body relationship too which also on one or other of the above theories.
Changing health habits
Changing any habit is not a piece of cake one needs to work really hard and be motivated to change a habit. When we are talking about changing health habit it needs more afford and motivation to change it and more important is to maintain this habit for a life time to get a maximum benefit out of it. Many researchers and health expertise have come up with following four stages of changing habits for better health: Contemplation, Preparation, Action, and Maintenance. Contemplation is a very first stage to change any habit, in this stage one is thinking about better life-style yet have no any plans to act upon. According to US Department of Health and Human Service, in contemplation stage one is considering changing the habit but hasn’t started. Thinking about good health and want to improve the better habits for future well-being and uncertain about how to overcome the challenges to have a healthy life-style. Second stage is preparation where one is has decided to change the health habits, and ready to take action. Has set some plans to achieve that goal and ready to do particle application of those plans in real life to have tangible results. Third is action, where one is doing the regular physical activity and has changed his/her diet. And the final is maintenance, which is the most essential and difficult part of habit change procedure. Here one has to make this health change part of their daily life style. (US Department of Health and Human Service)
Health belief model
Health belief model (HBM) is first time developed by psychologists Hochbaum, Rosenstock and Kegels to change the behavior of people to achieve good health and will able to maintain it for future too. Following is the model suggested by the above psychologists; “Perceived Susceptibility
One’s opinion of chances of getting a condition
Define population(s) at risk, risk levels; personalize risk based on a person’s features or behavior; heighten perceived susceptibility if too low.
- “Perceived Severity: One’s opinion of how serious a condition and its consequences are. Specify consequences of the risk and the condition
- Perceived Benefits: One’s belief in the efficacy of the advised action to reduce risk or seriousness of impact. Define action to take; how, where, when; clarify the positive effects to be expected.
- Perceived Barriers: One’s opinion of the tangible and psychological costs of the advised action. Identify and reduce barriers through reassurance, incentives, assistance.
- Cues to Action: Strategies to activate “readiness”. Provide how-to information, promote awareness, reminders.
- Self-Efficacy: Confidence in one’s ability to take action. Provide training, guidance in performing action.” (Hochbaum, et al)
Psychological aspects of managing any physical illness (e.g., heart disease, diabetes, pain)
Fighting with the chronic pain and depression is not an easy task to do. Many people are suffering do to pain and depression for some known reasons and some for not really good reasons. It is always a difficult task to diagnose the real cause behind the chronic pain and depression. Ones it is diagnosed then it becomes quite easy to deal with the situation for better outcomes. Acute and chronic diseases like heart malfunctioning and diabetes needs a proper health care to prevent or to delay the symptoms. Most psychologists have hard time to make people able to change their habits for better health most of the psychologists use the following tips to help their patients with chronic diseases. Stay active: to less the pain one should be active and energetic. Should know the weakness of one to deal with them and do physical activity to stay health and destruct from the bad habits. Make social connections and increase the social circle to have a quality time with friends and family. Be optimistic about the outcomes of the changing and follow prescriptions carefully. (American Psychological Association)